7 UNESCO World Heritage Sights of Kathmandu
UNESCO has enrolled 7 World Heritage Sights in Kathmandu Valley. All these 7 are Cultural World Heritage sites. These all sites are fascinating man-made awe which is still stature regally. Some of them are built-in the 3rd century. These Heritage sites are the main attraction of Kathmandu valley. Here are seven UNESCO Cultural World Heritage Site of Kathmandu Valley :
Swayambhunath ( Monkey Temple)
Swayambhunath is known as holy religious places for Buddhist peoples, where large of both Hindus and Buddhist people like to visit, Known as a Monkey Temple. It is built by king Manadeva, and it becomes an important center of Buddhism. It believes that Swyambhu was born out lotus flower that bloomed in the middle of the lake that spread across the Kathmandu valley. People believe once Kathmandu was full of water with beautiful lake, and Manjushree emptied the lake by using sword to cut a hill in Chovar and let go passed all water, so people to able to stay at this beautiful place. Buddha’s eyes on the middle point of Stupa and also shop, restaurant and hostels make more attractive. Panoramic view of Kathmandu, and beside mountain range is another highlight of that Stupa. Since 1979 This Stupa was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Boudhanath Stupa was built in the 14th century (various interesting legends are told regarding the reasons for this construction) which is one of the most famous places for Tibetan Buddhism. In 1979 this stupa was listed on UNESCO World Heritage Site. Today it becomes an important place for Meditation and excursion. This is one of the most Tourist attractions in Kathmandu, and only 7km away from the center of Kathmandu (Thamel).
Pashupatinath Temple is a famous and most sacred religious temple for Hindus people, which is situated beside the Holy River Bagmati. The big and largest Hindus temple offers to experience cultural, religious and spirituality about Hindus people. There are around 492 temples, 15 Shivalayas, and 12 Jyotirlinga. Every year in Maha Shivaratri thousands of devotees visit Pashupatinath Temple, the night when LordShiva performed the Tandav (The cosmic dance). Pashupatinath Temple is dedicated to lord shiva, one of the most important religious places for the devotee of Lord Shiva. This temple has been listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979.
Changu Narayan Temple
One of the most ancient temples of Nepal is Changu Narayan Temple which is in Changu village of Bhaktapur district. The temple demonstrates fifth-century stone label which is the oldest revelation of Nepal. Changu Narayan temple was constructed in the 3rd century about sixteen hundred years ago. This temple boasted the best crafting of wood, stone, and metal. Changu Narayan temple is a double-roofed temple devoted to Lord Vishnu personification as Narayan. The temple is adorned with ten embodiments of Narayan. Stone lions guard all the four doors of the temple. It has been listed on UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979.
Kathmandu Durbar square
Kathmandu Durbar Square known as Hanuman Dhoka Square is one of the major attractions for travelers In Kathmandu. The palace is named Hanuman a monkey god, as a stone statue of hanuman placed to the main entrance as protecting the whole palace, establishing by King Pratap Malla in 1672 A.D. The whole complex is known as Kathmandu Durbar Square, surrounded by Buddhist and Hindus temple, ancient Newari architecture and old Royal Palace at heart of Kathmandu. And also listed on UNESCO World Heritage Site. Today Kathmandu Durbar Square is using for a religious ceremony, including kumari(living Goddess).
Patan Durbar Square
One of the oldest city in Kathmandu valley is Patan which is also known as Lalitpur. The main attraction of this city is Patan Durbar Square which is 8 km southeast of Kathmandu city. Patan Durbar Square has been listed on the UNESCO World Heritage site since 1979. It is an open museum and home of beautiful Newari craft. Some of the diversion of Patan Durbar Square are:
- Royal Palace
- Krishna Temple
- Ashok Pillar
- Keshav Narayan Temple
- Royal Bath of Sundaru Chowk
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
UNESCO World Heritage site Bhaktapur Durbar Square is situated in the center of Bhaktapur city located east of Kathmandu. Bhaktapur Durbar Square is home to antique arts that showcase antique handmade design. The word Bhaktapur refers to “The City of Devotees”. Bhaktapur is known as the historical and cultural gems of Nepal. The main attraction of Bhaktapur Durbar Square are:
- Nyatapole Temle
- Bhariab Nath Temple
- Vastala Temple
- 55 Window Palace
- Golden Gate
- The Lion Gate